AB 988 – The Miles Hall Lifeline Act: 988 Suicide and Mental Health Crisis Hotline


Introduced by Assemblymember Rebecca Bauer-Kahan, District 16



AB 988 creates a new three-digit phone line, 988, for suicide prevention and immediate, localized emergency response for individuals in mental health crisis by trained mental health professionals.



California is facing a mental health crisis. One in 6 Californians now live with a mental illness and suicides have been steadily climbing, increasing by 35% nationally over the last two decades. This tragic trend has only been exacerbated by COVID-19.


For decades, California has failed to provide necessary mental health services amidst this growing mental health crisis. As a result, the police and the criminal justice system as whole often serve the state’s default mental health provider. Currently, 10% of law enforcement agencies’ budgets – and 20% of staff time – are spent responding to individuals with mental illness.


As a direct consequence of our overreliance on law enforcement responses to a public health crisis, ~25% of all individuals killed in police-involved shootings since 2015 had a known mental illness, with black men dying disproportionately.

In 2019, Miles Hall, a 23-year-old African American man living in Walnut Creek, was in the midst of a schizophrenic mental health crisis when his family called the only source of help available – 911. Despite being familiar with Miles’ condition, the officers resorted to lethal force within a minute of their arrival.


Law enforcement officers are not mental health experts and should not be expected to serve this role. A better system for Miles and all Californians is possible – one that leads with treatment, not law enforcement.



In October of 2020, the federal government passed, and the President signed new legislation, the National Suicide Hotline Designation Act, establishing a new phone line (9-8-8) for suicide prevention and immediate mental health crisis response nationwide. Before July 2022, when 988 goes live, states must create a framework to receive and respond to calls.


What this bill does

This bill implements the national 988 system in California so that all people experiencing a mental health crisis are able to receive life-saving care.


This bill will designate crisis hotline centers to provide intervention 24/7 through call, chat, and text. These call centers will be able to deploy crisis services – such as mobile crisis teams and crisis stabilization services. To ensure long-term success, centers will also follow up with callers to ensure they receive ongoing care.


The crisis hotline centers will also work with the National Suicide Hotline to provide over the phone immediate support for individuals calling in with suicidal thoughts.


Additionally, this bill will establish a monthly fee on mobile phone and landline bills – similar to a fee charged for 911 – to fund the 988 system.


Supporters (As of 4/22/21)

County of Contra Costa (Sponsor)

County of Los Angeles Board of Supervisors (Sponsor)
Miles Hall Foundation (Sponsor)
NAMI Contra Costa (Sponsor)
Steinberg Institute (Sponsor)

The Kennedy Forum (Sponsor)

Alameda County District Attorney’s Office

Alameda County Network of Mental Health Clients

All of Us or None

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Anti-Police Terror Project Sacramento

ASCRIBE Educational Consulting

Association of Regional Center Agencies

Autism Deserves Equal Coverage

Black Lives Matter Committee of the African American and Friends of Rossmoor

California Association of Local Behavioral Health Boards & Commissions

California Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians

California First Response Transformation, Equity Advisory Committee

California Pan-Ethnic Health Network

California Psychological Association

California State Association of Psychiatrists

California State PTA


City of Concord

City of Danville

City of Dublin

City of Lafayette

City of Livermore

City of Oakley

City of Pleasanton

City of Richmond

City of San Diego

City of San Pablo City Council

City of San Ramon

City of Walnut Creek

Congregation B’Nai Tikvah

Council on American-Islamic Relations, Sacramento Valley

Decarcerate Sacramento

Democratic Party of Contra Costa

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance California

Didi Hirsch, National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Center

Disability Rights California

Everytown for Gun Safety Action Fund


Indivisible Resisters Walnut Creek
Jewish Family and Child Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties

Justice 2 Jobs Sacramento

Justice Unites Individuals & Communities Everywhere


Mental Health & Autism Insurance Project

Mental Health America of California

Mental Health Association of San Francisco

M.H. First Community First Response

Mobilize 4 Mental Health

Moms Demand Action

Ms. Mable Sparrows Inc.

Mt. Diablo Peace & Justice Center

Mt. Diablo Unitarian Universalist Racial Justice Team

NAACP Youth Council

NAMI California

NAMI Greater Los Angeles County

NAMI of San Gabriel Valley

National Association of Social Workers California

National Union of Healthcare Workers

New Creation Church

NorCal Resist

Power to Resist

Public Health Advocates
Re:Store Justice

Sacramento Area Congregations Together

Sacramento Street EMS, District 1

Sacramento Valley Psychological Association


Showing Up for Racial Justice Contra Costa County

Showing Up for Racial Justice Sacramento

Social Justice Politicorps

Sunrise Movement Sacramento

Temple Akiba of Culver City

The California Association of Local Behavioral Health Boards and Commissions

The Mamahood

The People’s Budget Sacramento

Together We Stand

Together We Will - California

Together We Will - Contra Costa

The Trevor Project

Town of Danville

Truth Love Justice

Well Being Trust

WellSpace, National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Center

Women’s March Contra Costa


John Skoglund
Legislative Director
(p): (916) 319-2016
(e): John.skoglund@asm.ca.gov

Downloadable fact sheet

Help Pass The Miles Hall Lifeline Act AB 988

Submit a Letter of Support to the Appropriations Committee by Friday, May 7th at noon.

Step-by-Step Guide to Submitting a Support Letter Via the Online Advocacy Portal 

Your Organization may submit a letter of support through the California Legislature position letter portal. A sample letter of support for organizations is here. If questions on submitting the letter through the portal, refer to the FAQs.

Individuals may also submit a letter through the position letter portal. A sample letter of support for individuals is here.

The Advocacy Quick Reference Guide for submitting letters is here.

The text of the bill is linked here.

Contact your State Representatives

Contact your Representatives to let them know why you support AB 988. State your name and address and identify yourself as the legislator’s constituent. Briefly state you are calling in support of AB 988 and state why. Have your thoughts organized in advance to help you to keep the call brief and to the point. It is also very helpful to share how the issue affects you personally. 

Bill History - Active Bill in Committee Process

Two-Thirds Vote Required

04/29/21  Passed Communications & Conveyance and re-referred to Appropriations ( Ayes 10. Noes 0.) (April 28).

04/29/21  Co-authors revised. 

04/28/21  Committee Hearing at 1:30 pm PST -- See Analysis

04/21/21  Passed Health Committee and re-referred to Communications & Conveyance (Ayes 11. Noes 2.) (April 20)

04/20/21  Health Committee Hearing 1:30 pm PST -  See Analysis.

03/04/21  Referred to Committees on Health and Communications & Conveyance.

02/19/21  From printer. May be heard in committee March 21.

02/18/21  Read first time. To print.